Chloramphenicol is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from Streptomyces venequelae with primarily bacteriostatic activity. Chloramphenicol diffuses through the bacterial cell wall and reversibly binds to the bacterial 50S ribosomal subunit. The binding interferes with peptidyl transferase activity, thereby prevents transfer of amino acids to the growing peptide chains and blocks peptide bond formation. As a result, bacterial protein synthesis is blocked and impede bacterial cell proliferation. CAS Number: 56-75-7; Synonyms: Chloromycetin; Chlornitromycin; Chlorocid; Levomycetin; Molecular Formula: C11H12Cl2N2O5 Molecular Weight: 323.126 g/mol InChI Key: WIIZWVCIJKGZOK-RKDXNWHRSA-N
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