Lysozyme (LZ) is a cationic antimicrobial peptide of 14 kDa. Lysozyme is stored in primary but predominantly in specific (secondary) granules of neutrophils. It cleaves peptidoglycan constituents of the bacterial cell wall and can bind LPS. The epitope recognized by antibody LZ-2 is expressed by virtually all myeloid cells including normal and malignant granulocytes and monocytes. In normal myelopoiesis LZ can first be detected at the myeloblast stage where it appears somewhat later than MPO expression. Lactoferrin (LF) is an iron-binding protein with bactericidal and bacteriostatic activity, which is stored within the secondary granules of granulocytes. LF expression is restricted to the post-mitotic maturation compartment of the granulocytic lineage, starting from the myelocyte stage. Normal and malignant myeloblasts are LF negative. The combined staining for Lysozyme and Lactoferrin allows the distinction between mature and immature myelomonocytic cells. The LZ/LF COMBI-IC reagent permits the identification and enumeration of myeloid cells in normal and malignant human blood and bone marrow samples using flow cytometry. Results must be put within the context of other diagnostic tests as well as the clinical history of the patient by a certified professional before final interpretation. Analyses performed with this antibody should be paralleled by positive and negative controls. If unexpected results are obtained, which cannot be attributed to differences in laboratory procedures, please contact us
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