Broad-specificity phosphohydrolase that dephosphorylates exogenous bioactive glycerolipids and sphingolipids. It catalyzes the conversion of phosphatidic acid (PA) to diacylglycerol (DG), and is a pivotal regulator of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) signaling in the cardiovascular system. It is a major enzyme responsible of dephosphorylating LPA in platelets, which terminates signaling actions of LPA. It may control circulating, and possibly also regulate localized, LPA levels resulting from platelet activation. It has little activity towards ceramide-1-phosphate (C-1-P) and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S-1-P). The relative catalytic efficiency is LPA > PA > S-1-P > C-1-P. Its down-regulation may contribute to the development of colon adenocarcinoma.
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